by BCCA historian Eric North
As the 1920s progressed towards their end, the free world?s economies were booming and along with that the motor industry.
Buick had etched out its own particular niche as a car of quality, as well built as a Cadillac or Packard, but with a more affordable price tag. This quality of course came at a price and Buicks became more and more expensive as the decade progressed, but with every expanding economies there was more money available to buy them. However by the advent of the 1929 model year things had deteriorated due in no small part to the body design of the 1929 models. Noted designer Gordon Buhrig had had a hand in the design of these cars, but claimed that Fisher Body had altered his design substantially and it had become known as ?The Pregnant Buick?.
Buick had decided to go the way of the “companion car” to broaden its model range, a late move in General Motors terms, Oakland marketed the Pontiac for the 1926 model year, Cadillac the La Salle for the 1927 model year. Oldsmobile also marketed a companion car, the Viking, released in April 1929. It was unusual in as much as it was priced well above normal Oldsmobile models and was powered by a V8 engine. Companion cars were well established across the industry, for example Hudson?s companion car was the Essex, later to become the Terraplane, Reo’s companion the Wolverine, Studebaker, the Erskine and later the Rochne. With the exception of Pontiac all these companions would disappear by 1940. Pontiac was the only real success as the Oakland was dropped in January 1932.
The Marquette was a complete departure from normal Buick practice of the era, released prematurely in April 1929, it had been planned to be a 1930 model. Mechanically it featured a side valve six cylinder engine, which was very similar in design to the Oldsmobile unit, it had a single plate clutch, open tail shaft and semi floating rear axle. The Marquette was much lighter and more fuel efficient than the Buick, but the car was not a commercial success. In “Buick the Complete Story” Gustin & Dunham put much of the blame for this on the Buick dealers, who felt that the car had much more in common with Oldsmobile than Buick and therefore had little enthusiasm for the vehicle. The Stock Market crash of September 1929, which triggered the Great Depression was also a factor, but whatever the reason only 35,007 Marquette’s were built, of this number 1404 were built in other parts of the world on chassis exported from the U.S.A.
Automobile Trade Journal & Motor Age of June 1929 featured the Marquette, describing it “In appearance as well as design, there is nothing which can be described as radical.” It goes on to describe the full mechanical details of the car including the “Bendix” internal expanding brakes, which would also be introduced on the 1930 Buicks, some months later than the Marquette. The article quotes performance figures obtained at the General Motors Proving Ground showing a top speed of 65 m.p.h. acceleration from to 25m.p.h. in 6.3 seconds and from 10 to in 31 seconds. Fuel consumption of 18.4 m.p.g (US Gallons) at 30 mph.
In the USA there were five body styles (six models) , the Model 37, Five passenger 4 door sedan, Model 30, Five passenger 2 door sedan, Model 36, Two passenger Business Coupe, Model 36S Four passenger Special Coupe, Model 34, Four passenger Sports Roadster, Model 35 Five passenger Phaeton.
Production in the USA continued into the 1930 calendar year, but the car was too slow selling for Buick to continue in the very crowded section of a rapidly declining market and for 1931 there would be an all straight eight, overhead valve range and no more Marquette’s.
The Marquette was introduced to the Australia public in Motor Life Magazine 10th August 1929 quoting Mr. Innes Randolph, managing director of General Motors (Australia) Pty. Ltd. who said “The company believes that the high quality, and moderate price of the new product will be a helpful influence in supplying the demands of the many members of the public who seek a car in a lower price field than Buick, but produced under such advantageous conditions as Buick manufacture provides in regard to design, testing and actual production” he went on to say that “Marquette will be introduced to the Australian public in a wide range of models in the latest body styles a little later in the year.”
The same magazine announced the Marquette, complete with a photo of the Coupe on 7th September 1929 quoting the model range will consist of; tourer, sports roadster, sports coupe, four door sedan, touring sedan and Majestic sedan. The Australian Motorist magazine described the Marquette in the 1st October 1929 edition under the banner “New Buick-Built Car Combines Fine Car Features and Unusual Performance in the Low Price Field.” The article goes on to fully describe car and quotes the following performance figures using a Majestic sedan laden with 450lbs. Acceleration from 5 to 25mph, 8.8 seconds, 10-25mph, 6.3 seconds, 10-40mph. 13.4 seconds, 10-60mph. 31 seconds.
The article also advises that the models available were: tourer, sports roadster, coupe, sports coupe, four door sedan, touring sedan, Majestic sedan.
On 30th November 1929 Motor Life magazine took a Marquette on a journey from Sydney to Seven Mile Beach, Gerringong with two objectives, to witness Mr Norman Smith’s attack on the Australasian mile record, and to test the capabilities of the Marquette. The article goes on to say “In appearance the car is undeniably handsome. The vehicle used was a four door sedan of the type illustrated and it will be noticed that the car presents a most compact but graceful appearance on the road. This particular vehicle costs £440, but a touring model is available for £365, a “Majestic” sedan is available at £490 and five other models at prices varying from £430 to £505. Summing up the trip the writer says “We finished the trip with a great respect and admiration for the Marquette. As a touring car of moderate price with exceptionally good performance, in our opinion it has very few equals.”
The only Australian production figure available to this writer indicate that Holden Motor Body Builders produced 465 Marquette Sedans and 303 Tourers, all in 1929. This probably indicates that the roadsters and coupes that were sold here, were fully imported.
Motor Life magazine of 5th March 1930 ran the following article in the “letters to the editor” column.
Eulogising the Marquette.
Mr. A. W. Taylor, managing director of Alvin Taylor Limited, recently made an extensive overland trip in his Marquette sedan. The distance covered amounted to 4,800 miles, during which no mechanical service was needed and only one pint of oil was required.
Careful check on petrol consumption between Sydney and Melbourne gave the economical mileage of 23.7 miles to the gallon and, on the return trip, 24 1/6th miles to the gallon.Relating his experiences to Messrs. Boyd Edkins Ltd., Mr. Taylor writes as follows: “I would like to convey my congratulations to you in handling a great line such as the Marquette; it is my personal belief that this whole car can be described aptly as a delightful piece of machinery:
“It has put up the finest all round performance of any cars I have owned and driven. Its principal characteristic seems to be the remarkable silkiness of operation at all speeds and its extreme economy. I took very careful tests of the petrol consumption on the way to Melbourne and on the journey back to Sydney. On the trip down I obtained 23.7 miles per gallon, and on the return journey, 24 1/6th miles per gallon. I drove approximately 4,800 miles during the trip, losing only one pint of oil on this distance, and required no mechanical service whatsoever. I am confident that this car is going to be as hardy in service as I know Buick to be. If your firm obtains success on the Marquette commensurate with the enthusiasm I have in owning and driving one, I feel you will be entirely satisfied
So ends the story of Buick’s only companion car, it was not a success for Buick, but they are favourites to those who own and lovingly restore and maintain them.
Posted 05/2003